GRIPS - long-term measurements at the mesopause near 87 km altitude


Online library of diploma and doctoral theses

Messung der Infrarotemission von OH* und O2(1Δ) in der Mesosphäre
(G. Lange, 1982)

Messung der Mesopausentemperatur und ihrer Variationen mit einem Infrarot-Spektrometer
(R. Gerndt, 1982)

Untersuchung der Temperaturvariationen in der oberen Mesosphäre mit Infrarot-Spektrometern
(R. Gerndt, 1986)

Bestimmung der Variabilität der Mesopausentemperatur aus OH*-Emissionen
(H.-H. Graef, 1991)

Vergleichende Untersuchungen zum Temperaturverhalten der Mesopause
(T. Wiemert, 1993)

Langzeitvariationen der Temperatur in der oberen Mesosphäre
(M. Donner, 1995)

Other Publications

41. Kalicinsky C., D. H.W. Peters, G. Entzian, P. Knieling, Vivien Matthias
Observational evidence for a quasi-bidecadal oscillation in the summer
mesopause region over Western Europe
Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, Volume 178, Pages 7-16, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2018.05.008, 2018

40. Kalicinsky, C., P. Knieling, R. Koppmann, D. Offermann, W. Steinbrecht, and J. Wintel
Long-term dynamics of OH* temperatures over central Europe: trends and solar correlations
Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 15033-15047, doi:10.5194/acp-16-15033-2016, 2016.

39. Offermann, D., J. Wintel, C. Kalicinsky, P. Knieling, R. Koppmann, and W. Steinbrecht
Long-term development of short-period gravity waves in middle Europe
J. Geophys. Res., 116, D00P07,, 2011.

38. Offermann, D., P. Hoffmann, P. Knieling, R. Koppmann, J. Oberheide, D.M. Riggin, V. M. Tunbridge and W. Steinbrecht
Quasi 2 day waves in the summer mesosphere: Triple structure of amplitudes and long-term development
J. Geophys. Res., 116, D00P02, doi:10.1029/2010JD015051, 2011

37. Offermann, D., P. Hoffmann, P. Knieling, R. Koppmann, J. Oberheide, and W. Steinbrecht
Long-term Trends and Solar Cycle Variations of Mesospheric Temperature and Dynamics
J. Geophys. Res., 115, D18127, doi:10.1029/2009JD013363, 2010

36. Offermann, D., O. Gusev, M. Donner, J. M. Forbes, M. Hagan, M. G. Mlynczak, J. Oberheide, P. Preusse, H. Schmidt, and J. M. Russell III
Relative Intensities of Middle Atmosphere Waves
J. Geophys. Res., 114, D06110, doi:10.1029/2008JD010662, 2009

35. Steinbrecht, W.
Temperature variations and planetary waves in the middle atmosphere
Ozonbulletin des Deutschen Wetterdienstes Nr.115, [Link] , 2007.

34. Scheer, J., E. R. Reisin, O. A. Gusev, W. J. R. French, G. Hernandez, R. Huppi, P. Ammosov, G. A. Gravilyeva, and D. Offermann
Use of CRISTA mesopause region temperatures for the intercalibration of ground-based instruments
J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys., 68(15), 1698-1708, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2005.12.009, 2006

33. Offermann, D., M. Jarisch, M. Donner, W. Steinbrecht, and A. I. Semenov
OH temperature re-analysis forced by recent variance increases
J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys.,
68(17), 1924-1933, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2006.03.007, 2006.

32. Oberheide, J., D. Offermann, J. M. Russell III., and M. G. Mlynczak
Intercomparison of kinetic temperature from 15 µm CO2 limb emissions and OH*(3,1) rotational temperature in nearly coincident air masses: SABER, GRIPS
Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L14811, doi:10.1029/2006GL026439, 2006.

31. Offermann, D., M. Jarisch, M. Donner, J. Oberheide, I. Wohltmann, R. Garcia, D. Marsh, B. Naujokat, and P. Winkler
Middle atmosphere summer duration as an indicator of long-term circulation changes
Adv. Space Res., 35, 1416-1422, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2005.02.065, 2005

30. Singer, W., J. Bremer, J. Weiss, W. K. Hocking, J. Hoeffner, M. Donner, and P. Espy
Meteor radar observations at middle and Arctic latitudes; Part 1: mean temperatures
J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys., 66, 607-616, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2004.01.012, 2004

29. Shepherd, M. G., W. F. J. Evans, G. Hernandez, D. Offermann, and H. Takahashi
Global variability of mesospheric temperature: 1. Mean temperature field
J. Geophys. Res., 109, D24117, doi:10.1029/2004JD005054, 2004.

28. Savigny, C., K. U. Eichmann, E. J. Llewellyn, H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Bittner, K. Hoeppner, D. Offermann, M. J. Taylor, Y. Zhao, W. Steinbrecht, and P. Winkler
First near-global retrievals of OH rotational temperatures from satellite-based Meinel band emission measurements
Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L15111, doi:10.1029/2004GL020410, 2004.

27. Singer, W., J. Bremer, J. Weiss, W. K. Hocking, J. Hoeffner, M. Donner, and P. Espy
Meteor radar observations at middle and Arctic latitudes; Part 1: mean temperatures
J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys., 66,
607-616, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2004.01.012, 2004.

26. Hocking, W. K., W. Singer, J. Bremer, N. J. Mitchell, P. Batista, B. Clemesha, and M. Donner
Meteor radar temperatures at multiple sites derived with SKiYMET radars and compared to OH, rocket and lidar measurements
J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys., 66,
585-593, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2004.01.011, 2004.

25. Shepherd, M. G., Y. J. Rochon, D. Offermann, M. Donner, and P. J. Espy
Longitudinal variability of mesospheric temperatures during equinox at middle and high latitudes
J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys., 66,
463-479, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2004.01.036, 2004.

24. Offermann, D., M. Donner, P. Knieling, and B. Naujokat
Middle atmosphere temperature changes and the duration of summer
J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys., 66,
437-450, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2004.01.028, 2004.

23. Offermann, D., M. Donner, P. Knieling, K. Hamilton, A. Menzel, B. Naujokat, and P. Winkler
Indications of long-term changes in middle atmosphere transports
Adv. Space Phys., 32(9),
1675-1684, doi:10.1016/S0273-1177(03)90462-5, 2003.

22. Offermann, D., M. Donner, K. U. Grossmann, O. Gusev, M. Jarisch, M. Kaufmann, J. Oberheide, and A. I. Semenov
Zonal asymmetries in middle atmosphere temperatures
Adv. Space Res., 32(9),
1771-1780, doi:10.1016/S0273-1177(03)90475-3, 2003.

21. Takahashi, H., T. Tsuda, T. Nakamura, F. Isoda, D. Gobbi, J. Scheer, and D. Offermann
The lowest mesopause temperature in 1996 and 1997 at 23S
Adv.  Space Res., 32(9)
, 1781-1786, doi:10.1016/S0273-1177(03)90476-5, 2003.

20. Beig, G., P. Keckhut, R. P. Lowe, R. G. Roble, M. G. Mlynczak, J. Scheer, V. I. Formichev, D. Offermann, W. J. R., French, M. G. Shepherd, A. I. Semenov, E. E. Remsberg, C. Y. She, F. J. Luebken, J. Bremer, B. R. Clemesha, J. Stegman, F. Sigernes, and s. Fadnavis
Review of mesospheric temperature trends
Rev. Geophys., 41
(4), 1015, doi:10.1029/2002RG000121, 2003.

19. Bittner, M., D. Offermann, H. H. Graef, M. Donner, and K. Hamiltion
An 18-year time series of OH rotational temperatures and middle atmosphere decadal variations
J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys., 64,
1147-1166, doi:10.1016/S1364-6826(02)00065-2, 2002.

18. Bittner, M., D. Offermann, and H. H. Graef
Mesopause temperature variability above a mid-latitude station in Europe
J. Geophys. Res., 105,
2045-2058, doi:10.1029/1999JD900307, 2000.

17. Takahashi, H., P. P. Batista, R. A. Buriti, D. Gobbi, T. Nakamura, T. Tsuda, and S. Fukao
Simultaneous measurements of airglow OH emission and meteor wind by a scanning photometer and the MU radar
J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys.,
60, 1649-1668,, 1998.

16. Bittner, M., D. Offermann, H. H. Graef, and M. Donner
Wavelet analysis of upper mesosphere temperature variations
Adv. Space Res., 21
(10), 1445-1448, doi:10.1016/S0273-1177(97)00658-3, 1998.

15. Scheer, J. E. R. Reisin, J. P. Espy, M. Bittner, H. H. Graef, D. Offermann, P. P. Ammosov, and V. M. Igantyev
Large-scale structures in hydroxyl rotational temperatures during DYANA
J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 56, 1701-1715,, 1994.

14. Hauchecorne, A., N. Gonzalez, C. Souprayen, A. H. Manson, C. E. Meek, W. Singer, A. N. Fakhrutdinova, U. P. Hoppe, J. Boska, J. Lastovicka, J. Scheer, E. R. Reisin, and H. H. Graef
Gravity wave activity and its relation with prevailing winds during DYANA
J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 56,
1765,, 1994.

13. Bittner, M., D. Offermann, I. V. Bugaeva, G. A. Kokin, J. P. Koshelkov, A. Krivolutsky, D. A. Tarasenko, M. Gil-Ojeda, A. Hauchecorne, F. J. Luebken, B. A. de la Morena, A. Mourier, H. Nakane, K. I., Oyama, F. J. Schmidlin, I. Soule, L. Thomas, and T. Tsuda
Long period / large scale oscillations of temperature during the DYANA campaign
J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 56, 1675-1700,, 1994.

12. Offermann, D., and H. H. Graef
Messungen der OH*-Temperatur
Promet, 22,
125-128, 1992.

11. Offermann, D.
DYANA project survey
Proc. 10th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related Research, ESA SP-317,

10. Offermann, D., and R. Gerndt
Upper mesosphere temperatures from OH*-emissions
Adv. Space Res., 10
(12), 217-221, 1990.

9. Neumann, A.
QBO and solar activity effects on temperatures in the mesopause region
J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 52,
163,, 1990.

8. von Zahn, U., K. H. Fricke, R. Gerndt, and T. Blix
Mesospheric temperatures and OH layer heights as derived from ground-based lidar and OH* spectrometry
J. Atmos. Terr., Phys., 49,
863-869,, 1987.

7. Offermann, D., R. Gerndt, R. Küchler, K. Baker, W. R. Pendleton, W. Meyer, U. von Zahn, C. R. Philbrick, and F. J. Schmidlin
Mean state and long term variations of temperature in the winter middle atmosphere above northern Scandinavia
J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 49,
655-674,, 1987.

6. Offermann, D., R. Gerndt, and R. Küchler
Middle atmosphere temperature measurements as compared to atmospheric models
Adv. Space Res., 7
(10), 97-104, 1987.

5. Offermann, D.
The energy budget campaign 1980: introductory review
J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 47,
1-26,, 1985.

4. Baker, D. J., A. J. Steed, G. A. Ware, D. Offermann, G. Lange, and H. Lauche
Ground-based atmospheric infrared and visible emission measurements
J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 47,
133-145,, 1985.

3. Philbrick, C. R., J. Barnett, R. Gerndt, D. Offermann, W. R. Pendleton jr., P. Schlyter, F. J. Schmidlin, and G. Witt
Temperature measurements during the CAMP program
Adv. Space Res., 4,
153-156, 1984.

2. Offermann, D., R. Gerndt, O. Lange, and H. Trinks
Variations of mesopause temperatures in Europe
Adv. Space Res., 3,
21-23, 1983.

1. Blix, T. A., R. Gerndt, and G. Lange
Dual station mesopause temperature measurements during SWAMP2: Kjeller, Norway (60N, 11E), Wuppertal, Germany (51N, 7E)
6th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programmes, ESA SP-183,
181-188, 1983.